Madrid / The legislative project to undertake the eighth educational reform in Spain, which contemplates that Spanish ceases to be the vehicular language of education and eliminates the existence of “social demand” to maintain concerted education, will begin its journey in the Senate , after being supported in Congress by 177 votes in favor. 148 deputies voted against and 17 abstained.
As it is an organic law, the legislative initiative with which it is intended to repeal the reform of the government of Mariano Rajoy (PP), known as the Wert law, required an absolute majority (176 of the 350 deputies of the Lower House), with the one that has finally counted, though scarce. The project has been supported in Congress by 177 votes in favor. 148 deputies voted against and 17 abstained.
Some of the most controversial points of the reform law
The one known as the Celaá law, in reference to the current holder of the Pedro Sánchez Government’s Education portfolio, includes the following as more controversial points:
1- Public education: public education constitutes the backbone of the educational system.
2- Spanish language: Spanish ceases to appear as the vehicular language of education and as the official language of the State. The administrations will guarantee the right to receive teachings in Spanish and in co-official languages to achieve full and equivalent mastery. Students will study Native Language and Literature.
3.- Concerted centers: the law eliminates the “social demand” to open new centers or increase places. They will not be able to receive fees from families for receiving free teachings, or impose contributions to foundations or associations.
4.- Special education: in ten years ordinary centers must have resources to attend to students with disabilities. The administrations will provide support to the Special Education centers for students who require highly specialized attention.
5.- Public land: progressive increase in school positions in the public network. The municipalities will cooperate in obtaining the necessary lots to build only public centers.
6.- Separation of students: the centers supported partially or totally with public funds will not separate the students by their gender.
An appeal to the Constitutional Court supported by the Church and protests in the street against the reform
The PP, led by Pablo Casado, has announced an appeal of unconstitutionality before the Constitutional Court, the Catholic Church has announced that it will support it, and the platform, Más Plurales, made up of the main sectors of concerted education (private education with partial support of public resources) carries out a campaign to collect signatures against the project and has called protest demonstrations throughout Spain.
The president of the PP, Pablo Casado, and the rest of the board of his party, will support the protests and will attend the march with vehicles called both in the Spanish capital between 11.00 and 13.00, as well as in the rest of Spanish cities.
Also from Vox and Ciudadanos it has been announced that this reform will be fought in all instances where necessary.
The PP will safeguard the communities where it governs from the law
In the autonomies where it still governs, the PP will put a stop to actions in its opinion “harmful that this law can put into operation” through “decrees and orders” of the Education ministries, on which the personnel or subsidies depend to the concerted.
Thus, it will shield concerted and special education in Madrid, Andalusia, Galicia, Murcia and Castilla y León and will maintain Spanish as a vehicular language.
Shouts of “freedom” against “applause” in Congress
The debate in Parliament concluded with shouts of “freedom” from the PP, Ciudadanos and Vox benches and applause for the law from PSOE and United We Can, parties that support the Government coalition.
The one known as the Celaá law, in reference to the current head of the Pedro Sánchez Government’s Education portfolio, has received the affirmative vote of seven political parties as it passed through Congress: PSOE, United We Can, ERC, PNV, More Country Equo, Nueva Canarias and Compromís. Seven others have voted against it: PP, Vox, Ciudadanos, Canary Coalition, UPN, Asturias Forum and Cantabrian Regionalist Party. (November 21, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)
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