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Culture

THE FIRST NICARAGUAN WINNER OF THE CERVANTES PRIZE SAYS WRITERS SHOULD BE “WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION”

Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, Spain) / The writer Sergio Ramírez has assured today in his speech after receiving the Cervantes Prize that “there is nothing that can and should be freer than writing” and that closing one’s eyes to the reality of violence, drug trafficking or exile is ” betray the trade. “

Before beginning the speech, the Nicaraguan writer, who wears a black tie for the events in his country, has dedicated the Cervantes Prize which was received at the hands of the King, to the memory of his compatriots who have been murdered in recent days for “going out to the streets to demand justice and democracy. “

The author has also dedicated the award “to the thousands of young people who continue to fight with no other weapons than their ideals so that Nicaragua can become a republic again”.

In his speech, he pointed out that one can not ignore the reality of the “drug lords”, “the permanent exile of thousands of Central Americans towards the United States border imposed by marginalization and poverty, and the train of death that it crosses Mexico with its eternal whistle of wounded Beast, and violence as the most fatal of our deities (…).

The function of the novel

Ramírez, who has maintained that the novel is a permanent conspiracy against absolute truths, has had memories in his speech for his country, his grandparents and his mother, who was the one who taught him to read Don Quixote, and has reiterated his admiration for Cervantes and Rubén Darío, with whom the Spanish language made a “round trip” trip.

The Nicaraguan writer has emphasized that as a novelist he can not ignore “the constant abnormality of the occurrences of reality” in which he lives: “leaders like fair magicians disguised as liberators” or “drug lords dressed as kings of cards”.

“And the permanent exile of thousands of Central Americans towards the United States border imposed by marginalization and misery, and the train of death that crosses Mexico with its eternal whistle of wounded Beast, and violence as the most fatal of our deities (…) The clandestine graves that continue to open, the garbage dumps turned into cemeteries “, has listed the Cervantes Prize.

Ramírez has maintained that the novel must be a permanent conspiracy against absolute truths and has warned that power, when it is not democratic, only wants “unconditional loyalties.”

That is why, he said, writers should be “witnesses for prosecution”.

Admiration by Cervantes and Rubén Darío

In his speech in the Auditorium of the University he has had memories for the history of his country, his grandparents and his mother, who taught him to read Don Quixote, and he has reiterated.

Precisely, that was the title of his speech in which he explained how the language of Cervantes made Central America the outward journey when in 1605 the first copies of Don Quixote arrived; three centuries later, Rubén Darío returned to the peninsula “liberating novelties” of the language he received as a legacy of Cervantes, “shaking it out of the morass”.

A language that has never ceased to be Cervantes, acknowledged Ramírez, who has pointed out that Castilian is constantly reinventing itself in the 21st century as it multiplies and expands: a living language that “claims more and more spaces and does not understand walls or borders. “

Rubén Darío was “the one who created our identity, not only in a literary sense, but as a country”, Sergio Ramírez has maintained about Nicaragua, and has considered it curious “that an American nation has been founded by a poet with words, and not by a general on horseback with the sword in the air “.

And he recalled how Cervantes became a “literary and vital” model for Rubén Darío and how he found Don Quixote through his mother and teacher.

The winner of 2017 Cervantes Prize has been described himself as “Cervantino and Dariano” and has defended the writer’s independence: “Through the centuries, history has always been written against someone or in favor of someone. The novel, on the other hand, does not take sides, or if it does, it ruins its purpose “.

He has also referred in his speech to his time in politics when, after participating in the Sandinista revolution, he was vice president of Nicaragua between 1985 and 1990.

“If one day I turned away from literature to enter the maelstrom of a revolution that overthrew a dictatorship, it is because I was still the child who imagines kneeling on the floor of the sale witnessing the puppet show of the reredos of Master Pedro, anxious to take a blow to help Don Quixote to head evil, “he recalled. (April 23, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
El texto trata...  
A
de lo que dijo Sergio Ramírez en la víspera de la entrega del Premio Cervantes.
B
del discurso que fue pronunciado por el último ganador del Premio Cervantes.
C
del discurso que dio el rey Felipe VI antes de que entregara el Premio Cervantes.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...  
A
Ramírez dijo a quiénes dedicaba ese premio antes de que comenzara su discurso.
B
Ramírez dijo a quiénes dedicaba ese premio mientras estaba pronunciando su discurso.
C
Ramírez dijo a quiénes dedicaba ese premio después de que terminara su discurso.
Question 3
Según el texto, Ramírez dedicó el Premio Cervantes...
A
a las personas que fallecieron en las protestas de Nicaragua.
B
a todas las personas que estaban presentes en la sala.
C
a toda su familia.
Question 4
Según las palabras de Ramírez...
A
el escritor solo debe escribir sobre las cosas buenas que suceden en el mundo real.
B
el escritor debe evitar abordar temas espinosos en sus novelas.
C
el escritor debe denunciar en la novela las injusticias que están siendo cometidas.
Question 5
Según el texto, Ramírez recordó que...
A
su madre fue la que le enseñó a leer 'El Quijote'.
B
él no necesitó la ayuda de nadie para aprender a leer 'El Quijote'.
C
fueron sus abuelos quienes le enseñaron a leer la obra de Miguel de Cervantes.
Question 6
Ramírez considera que el castellano no es un idioma que esté cambiando.
A
No es verdad.
B
No se sabe.
C
Así es.
Question 7
Según el texto,
A
la obra de Miguel de Cervantes fue la que creó la identidad de Nicaragua.
B
ha influido en Ramírez no solo la obra de Cervantes sino también la de Rubén Darío.
C
la obra de Rubén Darío apenas ha influido en Ramírez.
Question 8
Sergio Ramírez llegó a ser presidente de Nicaragua hace unas décadas.
A
En absoluto.
B
Claro que sí.
C
¡Imposible saberlo!
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