Why are young people today more short-sighted? Read this information by EFE to find out the reason.
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Health

The generation of digital natives is more short-sighted than before

Barcelona / Children between 7 and 12 years old now have half a diopter more than myopia compared to university students a generation ago, according to the opticians, who attribute to a more sedentary lifestyle and the intensive use of mobile phones that young people are increasingly more myopic and at younger ages.

 

 

The generation of digital natives is more short-sighted in graduation and from younger ages as the young people of today (66.5% of women and 74.6% of men) spend less than 7 hours a week to enjoy the outdoors, says the optical director in the Cottet firm, Fabio Delgado, who affirms that these data “keep myopia in the focus of the scientific and clinical community”.

Experts in optics warn that these lifestyles, little outdoor and much watching screens, are damaging the visual health of young people and, to a greater extent, are affecting women, whose rates of myopia are higher.

Delgado considers that in the case of the generation of digital natives, if these myopia continue to develop without control, in many cases they will reach risk levels, being potential causes of pathologies in the adult stage (more than 6 diopters).

“It is necessary to continue developing research to determine the causes, the development factors and the best treatments that control the progression of myopia”, according to Delgado.

The optician emphasizes that “awareness is vital to avoid that in the future there are more cases of low vision in Spain”.

He also warns that “myopia is considered a risk factor for the early onset of cataracts or the development of glaucoma, which has no symptoms until it has lost 40% of the visual field and is unrecoverable.”

In this regard, he recalls that ‘Ophthalmology‘, a scientific journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, made a study on the increasing worldwide prevalence and evolution trend of myopia and high myopia and projected that about 5 billion people will be myopic in 2050: 4.758 million people with myopia (49.8% of the world population); and 938 million people with high myopia (9.8% of the world population).

The optician of the Ophthalmology Service of the Hospital Sant Joan de Deu in Barcelona, Enrique Jimenez, also corroborates that there are other studies, articles and publications which say that approximately one third of the population will suffer from myopia at the end of this decade.

“The main cause of the increase in myopia is the growth of the eyeball, its axial length. But this increase can’t be attributed solely to genetic reasons, there are other reasons of great importance such as the excess hours that children spend in tasks of near vision before devices such as computers, tablets or mobile phones, or the lack of exposure of children to spaces open and sunlight”, Jimenez insists.

“The solution is easier than we think, it simply consists of controlling more time spent by children in tasks of near vision, especially with electronic devices, and spend more time in open spaces with sunlight. It will be necessary that the rhythm of life of the century that touches us allows it to us”, Jimenez emphasizes.

Opticians also recommend eating a healthy and balanced diet and sedentary lifestyle, in addition to specific exercises for the eyes and undergo periodic check-ups, which are recommended to be annual since childhood.

“Children can have some type of visual anomaly without having shown any apparent symptoms, which is why annual eye monitoring is necessary to review possible refractive errors and prevent pathologies at a very important developmental age”, according to Delgado. (May 28, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (December 2011):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla... (Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
de por qué los jóvenes de hoy en día son más miopes que los de hace una generación.
B
detalladamente de qué es la miopía y cómo se puede tratar.
C
de un estudio sobre el uso de los dispositivos móviles.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
los jóvenes son más miopes ya que pasan demasiado tiempo con los dispositivos móviles.
B
se descarta que el sedentarismo pueda estar relacionado con el aumento de personas miopes.
C
los jóvenes son ahora más miopes por no haber pasado mucho tiempo delante de un ordenador.
Question 3
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
cada vez hay más miopes a una edad muy temprana.
B
aún no se ha realizado ningún estudio sobre este asunto.
C
se desaconseja que se controle el tiempo que pasan los niños delante un dispositivo móvil.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
es importante que la población tome conciencia para evitar que la situación empeore.
B
ningún niño ha tenido una anomalía visual por haber pasado mucho tiempo delante de una pantalla.
C
actualmente casi la mitad de la población mundial es miope.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
se desmiente que se pueda sufrir miopía por haber jugado a un videojuego durante mucho tiempo.
B
un uso inadecuado de prismáticos o gafas de sol también puede causar problemas en la visión.
C
los niños deben empezar a jugar con micropantallas a partir antes de los nueve años.
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Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
Si eres 'miope'... (If you are 'miope'...)  
A
no ves bien de lejos.
B
ves muy bien tanto de lejos como de cerca.
C
solo ves mal los objetos que están cerca de ti.
Question 2
Se llama 'nativos digitales'... (It's named 'nativos digitales'...)  
A
a las personas que nacieron en la era digital.
B
a las personas nacidas antes de la era digital.
C
a todos los estudiosos de las nuevas tecnologías.
Question 3
El artículo determinado para 'síntoma' es: (The determined article for 'síntoma' is:)
A
el
B
la
C
lo
Question 4
La 'oftalmología'... (The 'oftalmología'...)
A
trata las enfermedades que afectan a los ojos.
B
trata las enfermedades que afectan al corazón.
C
trata las enfermedades que afectan a los oídos.
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Gramática (Grammar)

Trabaja los cuantificadores indefinidos uno, alguno y ninguno. (Work indefinite quantifiers)

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Question 1
¿Cuántas anomalías tienen los niños? (How many anomalies do children have?)
A
Alguna.
B
Ninguna.
C
Una.
Question 2
Elige el cuantificador indefinido que expresa negación entre las siguientes frases. (Choose the indefinite quantifier that expresses negation in the following sentences)
A
Uno de ellos no tiene anomalía visual.
B
Los niños no tienen ninguna anomalia.
C
Alguno de ellos tiene varias anomalías.
Question 3
Elige la concordancia correcta. (Choose the correct match.)
A
Las niñas no tienen ningún anomalía.
B
Algunos niños tienen miopía.
C
La miopía no es ninguna problema.
Question 4
Señala la forma apocopada correcta de los cuantificadores 'alguno' y'ninguno'. (Point out the correct apocopated form of the quantifiers 'alguno' and 'uno'.)
A
Algun y ningun.
B
Algunas y ningunas.
C
Algún y ningún.
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