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World

The mobilizations of International Women’s Day

The indignation for feminicides in Latin America encouraged the women of this region to take to the streets on Sunday, International Women’s Day, and will be the main motivation for the protests called since Monday under the slogan “A day without women” .

This year’s mobilizations focused on the rejection of murders such as those of the Mexican girl Fatima and the small Argentine Guadalupe, of two university students in Colombia or the media revictimization in Mexico of Ingrid Escamilla, cases that have caused a great social upheaval In the continent.

Tens of thousands of women, around 80,000 according to official data, marched on Sunday in Mexico City to the increase in femicides in recent months under chants such as “live they took them, we want them alive.”

In Mexico, during the day that began after noon from various symbolic points of the city, there were altercations that caused seven minor injuries and some clashes between the participants, although according to official figures, it was the March march more massive to date .

Hundreds of thousands of Latin Americans marched on Sunday to protest against sexist violence in other areas of the region and show the ability to mobilize feminist groups in the continent such as “Me Too”, “Green Tide” or “Not one less “.

In the case of Chile, Brazil, El Salvador and Ecuador, the demonstrations included the interpretation “A rapist in your path”.

“Gender violence is a fundamental problem on the continent that affects one in 3 women of all socioeconomic levels, and the consequences are wide and devastating,” the head of the Bank’s Gender and Diversity Division warned EFE today. Inter-American Development (IDB), María Caridad Araujo.

Data from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) indicate that the number of women killed by gender-based violence exceeds 3,800 a year in the region.

Manifestations and the coronavirus

In Spain, which has become a benchmark in the struggle for equality in recent years, the marches had a massive following despite fear of contagion, although they were less massive than in 2019: 120,000 people in Madrid and 50,000 in Barcelona. The calls were also seconded in the main cities such as Seville, Cádiz, Santander, Bilbao, A Coruña, Toledo or Valladolid.

The mobilizations for Women’s Day took place in different parts of the world, although fear of the coronavirus led to the cancellation of demonstrations in several countries, especially in those most affected by the epidemic, where agglomerations were prohibited to avoid contagion

The fear of COVID-19 was felt in the marches carried out in the main capitals of Europe and America by the 8M, although they remained massive as in previous years, after they were banned in Italy, South Korea and Japan, while that the authorities of China and Iran do not usually allow them.

The Italian president, Sergio Mattarella, wanted to dedicate especially the day to women who work “in hospitals, in laboratories, in the red zone, to fight against the coronavirus” because they show “the exemplary ability to withstand large workloads,” he said in a video message

Africa with Kenya in front

In Kenya, feminists decided to dispense with a national march to take the vindication to the humblest neighborhoods, with an act in the informal settlement of Kibera (Nairobi) in which a hundred women danced, sang and heard about oppressions, discriminations and violence suffered by Kenyan women.

“We wanted to get together, appreciate that we are women, generate collectivity, solidarity and be happy and have joy because joy is a form of resistance for us,” said the founder of the social movement “Feminists in Kenya”, Vivianne Ouya.

(March 9, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Automatic translation)

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Comprensión

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Question 1
Principalmente, el texto habla de...  
A
la cancelación de unas manifestaciones a causa del coronavirus.
B
las manifestaciones que tuvieron lugar con motivo del Día Internacional de la Mujer.
C
lo que dijo el presidente de Italia en el Día Internacional de la Mujer.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...  
A
está previsto que este domingo haya más movilizaciones para protestar contra la violencia machista.
B
no se produjo ningún incidente durante la manifestación celebrada en México el 8 de marzo.
C
hubo movilizaciones en México en contra de los feminicidios.
Question 3
Según el texto...    
A
este año han asistido más personas que el año pasado a las movilizaciones del Día de la Mujer en todo el mundo.
B
unas ciento veinte mil personas acudieron a la manifestación de Madrid.
C
hubo una manifestación multitudinaria en el Día de la Mujer en China.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...  
A
el coronavirus no tiene nada que ver con la cancelación de unas manifestaciones en Italia y Japón.
B
este año no se celebraron esas manifestaciones en Italia a causa del coronavirus.
C
este año no habido manifestaciones masivas en el Día de la Mujer a causa del coronavirus.
Question 5
Según el vídeo...  
A
no acudió mucha gente a la movilización de Madrid.
B
es una fiesta diversa y reivindicativa.
C
una de las asistentes afirma que esta protesta ya no es necesaria.
Question 6
En el vídeo se ve que...    
A
algunas de las asistentes están tocando tambores.
B
ninguna de las asistentes lleva una peluca morada.
C
todas las mujeres visten camisetas negras.
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Vocabulario

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Question 1
En el texto, la palabra "feminicidio" hace referencia...    
A
a la desigualdad salarial entre hombres y mujeres.
B
a las protestas en contra del machismo.
C
al asesinato de una mujer por ser mujer.
Question 2
Una 'decena' es lo mismo que...    
A
cien unidades.
B
mil unidades.
C
diez unidades.
Question 3
El artículo determinado para 'problema' es: (The definite article for 'problema' is:)
A
la
B
el
C
lo
Question 4
El verbo 'soler' se utiliza para...
A
expresar la opinión que alguien tiene sobre algo.
B
expresar duda.
C
hablar de la frecuencia con la que alguien realiza algo.
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