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World

The ‘national emergency’ declared by Trump will ban the purchase to foreigners of computer equipment

Washington / US President Donald Trump declared a national emergency on Wednesday to prohibit companies in his country from using equipment of telecommunications manufactured by companies that allegedly try to spy on America, which could restrict business with Chinese firms like Huawei.

The president captured his decision in an executive order, which is directed against the “foreign adversaries” of the United States, but he does not specifically name China, although he exacerbates the battle for control of the 5G networks.

The executive order doesn’t automatically impose restrictions on the purchase of telecommunications equipment, but gives the secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, 150 days to establish which companies must be subject to new limitations to pose a danger to the security of the United States.

In particular, Trump expressed in the executive order concern about the possibility of foreign companies using their access to U.S. companies to steal data or sabotage essential services for the functioning of the country, such as the transport network.

 

Protecting the country as a primary objective

Trump proclaimed the order by invoking a 1977 law that gives authority to the president to regulate the country’s trade in response to a “national emergency.”

In this regard, the President argued that the intrusion of rival country firms in U.S. Telecommunications is a “national emergency.”

In a statement, White House spokesman Sarah Sanders believes Trump’s decision seeks to “protect information and communication services and technology” of the United States.

“The president, -she said-, has made it clear that this administration will do whatever it takes to keep America safe and prosperous, and to protect the U.S. from foreign adversaries who are actively exploiting and increasingly vulnerabilities in information and communication technology infrastructure and services”.

 

STX01. WASHINGTON (ESTADOS UNIDOS), 09/05/2019.- El presidente estadounidense, Donald Trump, ofrece una rueda de prensa, este jueves en la Casa Blanca de Washington (Estados Unidos), donde ha reprochado a China haber querido "renegociar" el acuerdo comercial, aunque aseguró que aún es "posible" alcanzar un pacto y anunció haber recibido una "hermosa" carta del presidente chino, Xi Jinping, al respecto. EFE/ Shawn Thew

Trump en una rueda de prensa en Washington (2019). EFE/Fototeca

Huawei, no access to American technology

In a post-executive order decision, the Department of Commerce included Huawei in a list of companies and people to which access to American technology is prohibited.

“The sale or transfer of American technology to a company or person on the list requires a license, and the license may be refused if the sale or transfer damages the U.S. national security or its foreign policy interests”, said the department.

The United States is leading a global campaign to prevent Chinese companies, such as Huawei, from taking control of the 5G networks, that allow you to surf the Internet with much more speed and could facilitate the development of autonomous vehicles and techniques for surgery by remote control.

Indeed, the US government has pressured the European Union (EU) to impose restrictions on Huawei, which is at the forefront of the development of 5G technology.

Washington fears that China uses Huawei’s 5G networks for espionage, some accusations that China’s company has categorically denied in the past. (May 16, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

Noticia relacionada (16/05/2019)


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, el texto habla de... (Mainly, the text talks about...)
A
La nueva ley de inmigración estadounidense.
B
Las relaciones políticas con Europa.
C
La prohibición a las compañías estadounidenses de comprar equipos informáticos a extranjeros.
Question 2
Según el texto, ¿cuál es el motivo que ha llevado a Trump a declarar la "emergencia nacional"? (According to the text, what is the motive that has led Trump to declare the "national emergency"?
A
El cambio climático.
B
La fuerte competencia con otros países.
C
La posibilidad de que compañías extranjeras roben datos o saboteen servicios esenciales del país.
Question 3
La portavoz de la Casa Blanca, Sarah Sanders, afirma que... (White House spokesman Sarah Sanders claims that...)
A
Los adversarios extranjeros están explotando cada vez más las vulnerabilidades tecnológicas del país.
B
No volverán a mantener relaciones comerciales con China.
C
China se ha propuesto hundir a Estados Unidos.
Question 4
Según el texto, ¿a qué empresa se le ha prohibido el acceso a la tecnología estadounidense? (According to the text, which company has been banned from access to American technology?)
A
Huawei.
B
LG.
C
Xiaomi.
Question 5
Según el texto, ¿cuál es el objetivo de Estados Unidos con respecto al control de las redes 5G? (According to the text, what is the objective of the United States with regard to the control of the 5G networks?)
A
Impedir que las compañías chinas se hagan con su control.
B
Llegar a un acuerdo equilibrado.
C
Arruinar la economía china.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
Un sinónimo del verbo agudizar es... (A synonym of the verb agudizar is...)
A
Relajar.
B
Intensificar.
C
Disminuir.
Question 2
El verbo sabotear significa... (The verb sabotear means...)
A
Deteriorar o impedir algo.
B
Apoyar algo.
C
Adquirir algo.
Question 3
El artículo determinado para el sustantivo cirugía es... (The determinated article of the noun cirugía is...)
A
Lo.
B
La.
C
El.
Question 4
¿Qué significa la locución adverbial a la cabeza? (What does the adverbial locution a la cabeza means?)
A
En la última posición.
B
En el medio.
C
En la primera posición.
Question 5
Un sinónimo del adjetivo autónomo es... (A synonym of the adjective autónomo is...)
A
Apegado.
B
Independiente.
C
Dependiente.
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