Learn different types of nouns in Spanish.
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Morphology

The noun in Spanish: everything you need to know

The names of the people, things, situations, places… etc make up much of the Spanish vocabulary that you must learn.

Why? → Because names turns the rest of the information of the phrases you need form to communicate.

Do not forget that:

Noun must agree in gender and number with articles,  determinants, adjectives or verbs.

We say:

“El barco es grande”.

 “Los cuadros de Goya son muy conocidos”.

 “Esa niña tiene una bicicleta azul”.

√ Nouns can be grouped by classes: proper and common, countable noun and uncountable, concrete and abstract…

Proper noun → refer to name of people, geographical locations (countries, planets…) or institutions.

                           → are always written in uppercase.

We say:

 “Miguel de Cervantes escribió obras de teatro”. (person name)

 El río Duero está en España”. (geographic name)

 “El periódico publicó una noticia de la Agencia EFE”. (Enterprise name)

Common names:  are always written in lower case.

We say:

 “read news to learn Spanish”.

Countable noun:

  What are?  → They are nouns that support a numeral in front of him. 

 We say:

 “Tengo cuatro libros de gramática española”.

 “Muchas personas se manifestaron pacíficamente”.

Uncountable noun

   → They do not support numerals.

  → Are expressed in the singular.

 → are usually accompanied by “long”, “little”, “something of…”, etc.

We say:

“No tengo hambre”.

 “Esta comida necesita un poco de sal”.

 Concrete noun

 What are? →  They are names designating something physical and material.

We say:

 “Mi ordenador es muy viejo”.

 “El niño juega con sus amigos”.

 -Abstract noun: 

 What are? → They are names designating something that can not be perceived with the senses, because are immaterial.

We say:

“Valoro mucho nuestra amistad”.

 “Se manifestaron a favor de la libertad”.

 –Individuals noun

 →  Designating an only object.

 We say:

“Tengo un gato en mi casa”.

 –Collective noun

 → Designating a whole or group.

 We say:

“El granjero tiene una piara”.  (group of pig)

 El ejército ganó la batalla”.   (whole of military forces)

A. Carlos, para Practica Español

 

Noticias al azar

    Post of grammar to improve your Spanish with Practica Español, web of Agencia EFE.