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Culture

THE PRADO MUSEUM PUTS IN ORDER FLEMISH AND DUTCH PAINTING

Madrid / Rubens, Jan Brueghel, Rembrandt or Metsu. Since yesterday there is a more “coherent” route in the Prado Museum for the work of these masters thanks to the reordering of the Flemish and Dutch paintings from the Prado Museum and the opening of eight new rooms in the building Villanueva, which represents an increase of 10%.

Together with both collections, the historic Treasure of the Dolphin is also inaugurated, a collection of “rich glasses” in rock crystal and ornamental stones that belonged to Louis of France and inherited by Felipe V, the first Spanish Bourbon, in a dazzling circular showcase of 40 meters long.

The Flemish painting collection from Prado Museum is one of the most important in the world and occupies seven of the eight reopened rooms. Two of them show important works by Rubens (1577-1640), among them the mythologies he painted on behalf of Philip IV for the Torre de la Parada, a hunting lodge located in the mount del Pardo.

Alejandro Vergara, head of conservation of Flemish and Dutch painting until 1700, assures that each painting has a history. For example, the “Saturn devouring his son” that inspired Goya; or the “Dance of mythological characters” that contains the idea of “nature as a generator of life”, typical of Rubens.

The room dedicated to Jan Brueghel (1568-1625) allows to observe the calligraphic and meticulous brushwork of one of the last heirs of Dürer and its range of succulent colors. The series “The five senses” is one of the most admired of this artist.

Also David Teniers (1610-1690) has now a monographic room, which highlights a scene from the collection of the Archduke Leopold Wilhelm’s painting, which was already in Madrid in 1653 and which, it is obvious, influenced Velázquez when he painted Las Meninas three years later.

Rooms 81 and 82 house paintings of kitchens and still lifes by Frans Snyders (1579-1657), Clara Peeters (1588/90-after 1621), one of the few women who worked as painters in Europe at the time, and others Flamenco artists who were very successful both in Antwerp and in the Spanish court.

Room 80 shows landscapes, a genre created in the sixteenth century by Joachim Patinir, whose collection remains on the ground floor, and which continued in the seventeenth Joos de Momper, Peeter Snayers or Jan Brueghel.

A genre that served to legitimize power and often represented military victories and scenes showing territories that live in peace and harmony, as is the case of the spectacular painting by Denis Alsloot and Antoon Sallaert on a 1615 procession of Our Lady of Sablón, in Brussels.

Vergara recalled that the opening of new rooms on the second floor of the museum has led to the rearrangement of the paintings of Rubens, Van Dyck and Jordaens on the first floor.

The Dutch painting (1579-1800) is concentrated in one room, the 76. The place of honor is occupied by “Judith at the banquet of Holofernes” by Rembrandt, which belongs to a set of monumental figures of heroines of Antiquity and Old Testament.

As for the treasure of the Dolphin, the original lot consisted of 169 pieces of which 144 are conserved. A total of 120 (one of which consists of 13 loose cameos) were already exhibited in the Museum, 10 more correspond to the game of lacquer coffee identified in the Museum of America and another 14 to the set of utensils to prepare hunting pieces that was in the National Archaeological Museum. (June 26, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

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Question 1
En la noticia se dice que...
A
el Museo del Prado descarta que vaya a reorganizar algunas de sus pinturas.
B
ha habido cambios en la ordenación de unas pinturas del Museo del Prado.
C
es posible que el Museo del Prado vuelva a ordenar todas las pinturas de su colección.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
el Museo del Prado no tiene interés en hacer una ampliación para exhibir más piezas.
B
el Museo del Prado hará pronto una ampliación para exhibir más piezas.
C
el Museo del Prado ha hecho una ampliación para exhibir su colección.
Question 3
Según el texto...  
A
la mayoría de las salas reabiertas están dedicadas a las obras de  pintores flamencos.
B
se podrán ver obras de pintores holandeses en la mayoría de las salas reabiertas.
C
todas las salas reabiertas están dedicadas a la pintura flamenca.
Question 4
Se podrán ver las obras de Rubens en estas salas reabiertas.  
A
No se sabe.
B
Es verdad.
C
Es mentira.
Question 5
Según el texto, el Museo del Prado...  
A
apenas tiene obras de pintores flamencos en su colección.
B
destaca por tener una rica colección de obras de pintores flamencos. 
C
no tiene obras relevantes de pintores flamencos en su colección.
Question 6
El llamado tesoro Delfín está compuesto...        
A
por cientos de óleos que pertenecieron al primer Borbón español.
B
por decenas de vasos decorados que datan de la Edad Media.
C
por más de un centenar de "vasos" que pertenecieron a un rey francés.
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