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Culture

THE REMAINS OF 111 CHILDREN SLAUGHTERED IN THE PRE-COLUMBIAN PERU

A new excavation carried out in northern Peru by a research team, funded by the National Geographic Society, found the remains of 111 children slaughtered in the pre-Columbian era by the Chimú culture, Peruvian archaeologist Feren Castillo announced today. Researchers have determined the skeletal remains of the sacrifice correspond to boys and girls of ages ranging between 6 and 15 years, and llamas between a year and a half year.

This new find was added to the archaeological site Pampas La Cruz, in the same area, to the coastal town of Huanchaquito, in the northern region of La Libertad, considered as a place unprecedented in the history of Peru by the high number of sacrifices of children and young camelids (llamas).

“To the 140 children found in the area of Huanchaquito a few months ago, in this new excavation in Pampas La Cruz, to date, we have found a total of 111 children slaughtered. Archeology has rewarded us”, said Castillo.

“We have excavated everything in Huanchaquito and there we have found 140. In Pampas la Cruz we still need to finish digging, but we are already in a figure that is close to surpassing that large number,” the archaeologist said.

According to Castillo explained, it is a human sacrifice made by the pre-Columbian Chimú civilization, between the years 1400 or 1450 of our era, due to “some weather phenomenon that would have produced rain in this area.”

“We know that when it rains, there is less anchovy in the sea. Probably that was one of the reasons why the sacrifice was made close to the sea. It seems that they have used the entire Huanchaco site for this, “added the archaeologist, who is part of the team led by Peruvian researcher Gabriel Prieto.

Researchers have determined that the skeletal remains of the sacrifice correspond to boys and girls of ages ranging between 6 and 15 years, and llamas between a year and a half year.

“An almost apocalyptic killing of children and llamas, similar to the one previously discovered,” Castillo added.

Last April, National Geographic announced the largest mass sacrifice of children in pre-Hispanic America, which took place more than 550 years ago in northern Peru, thanks to a discovery of more than 140 children and 200 camelids offered as a ritual by Chimú civilization, in this same locality.

The find has once again put the city of Trujillo, capital of La Libertad, in the focus of Peruvian archeology and the Ministry of Culture, so that its minister, Patricia Balbuena, has personally gone today to learn about these new findings.

In addition to these new skeletal remains, the team of archaeologists has also revealed a new huaca of small size, which they associate with a culture previous to the Chimú, the Moche, which occupied these same territories between the years 100 to 700 of our era and which they have named it as “Montículo uno”.

“We believe that there are still many spaces to be valued in Trujillo and that they can generate tourism in the region, and we believe the presence of the minister to help us with the resources is important”, Castillo pointed out. (June 18, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (June 15, 2018):


Comprehension

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Question 1
En el texto se dice que...    
A
unos arqueólogos no han encontrado aún restos óseos de ningún humano en una excavación.
B
se han encontrado fósiles de animales prehistóricos en una excavación.
C
se han encontrado restos óseos de humanos y de animales en una excavación.
Question 2
La excavación tuvo lugar en la zona septentrional de Perú.    
A
Para nada.
B
¡Imposible  saberlo!
C
Claro que sí.
Question 3
Según el texto, se han hallado...      
A
los restos de unos niños que fueron enterrados hace más de un milenio.
B
los restos de unos niños que fueron sacrificados hace más de cinco siglos.
C
los restos de unos niños en una gran necrópolis colombina.
Question 4
Sobre la excavación se dice que...  
A
los investigadores no contado con ninguna ayuda de ninguna entidad para llevarla a cabo.
B
National Geographic pidió a los investigadores que fueran ellos los que la financiaran.
C
los investigadores han contado con la ayuda de National Geographic Society.
Question 5
En la noticia se dice que...  
A
no es la primera vez que se hallan restos de niños sacrificados por esa zona.
B
los investigadores no están seguros de que hayan encontrado restos óseos de humanos.
C
este es el primer descubrimiento de restos humanos relacionados con un sacrificio humano.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que...  
A
unos arqueólogos están cada vez más cerca de hallar algún vestigio de una antigua civilización.
B
unos arqueólogos han encontrado restos de una antigua civilización precolombina.
C
unos arqueólogos han encontrado las ruinas de una civilización anterior a la era precolombina.
Question 7
Según el vídeo, los altorrelieves hallados...  
A
tienen imágenes de animales de diferentes especies.
B
solo tienen imágenes geométricas.
C
no tienen imágenes de ningún animal.
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