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Travel Nivel B2

THE SAINT JOHN’S NIGHT, FROM SPAIN TO LATIN AMERICA

The fire and the beach are the two main protagonists from 23 to 24 June on Saint John’s night, the shortest night of the year that is celebrated in hundreds of Spanish localities and other regions of Europe and Latin America.

From Galicia to Alicante, through Andalusia, Menorca, Catalonia or Castilla y León, the night of Saint John is rooted in Portugal and much of Latin America, for example, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina

With bonfires in the light of the Moon, originally on the night from 23 to 24, it was celebrated the birth of Saint John the Baptist, six months before the birth of Christ.

Around the bonfires, people dance, eat and drink or comply with the superstition or magic of this night, which in Spain marks the beginning of the parties that are celebrated during the months of July, August and September in many cities.

Bonfires on the Spanish coast

On Saint John’s night, the Spaniards light fires all over the coast, from La Coruña (Galicia) to Alicante, where they are declared of International Tourist Interest.

Since 13 June, Alicante celebrates its major festivals also with bonfires that have their origin in the tradition of burning objects useless with the arrival of the summer solstice.

During the festivities, they include acts such as the “Mascletàs” (firecracker contest held between the 20th and 24th in the Plaza de los Luceros), the Pregón, La “Plantà”, the Ninot Cavalcade, parades and parades and the offering of flowers to the Virgen del Remedio.

Bonfires on Latin America

Brazil celebrates its “juninas” parties with dance contests, musical shows and the sale of homemade food, sweets and drinks.

Saint John the Baptist has a lot of roots in Puerto Rico, because the saint was declared patron of the Caribbean island when Christopher Columbus first stepped on this land.

In Puerto Rico, the local tradition sends to throw backs to the sea until nine times throughout the night, to chase to bad luck the rest of the year.

In addition, it is customary for the young women to put three cloves of garlic under the pillow, one without peeling, another half peeled and the third, totally peeled to choose blindly and one of them at dawn. According to superstition, the one who chooses the unpeeled tooth will marry a rich man, who chooses the half peeled, with a middle-class young man, and if the chosen garlic tooth is the one that is peeled, the marriage will be with a poor man.

On the other hand, on Saint John’s night, devotees of the saint walk barefoot by the embers in the Argentine provinces of Corrientes and Chaco to fulfill a Guaraní tradition. (EFE/Doc/PracticaEspañol)

News related in video (June 25, 2010)


Exercise of comprehension

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Question 1
La noticia habla de…
A
Turismo
B
La celebración de la noche de San Juan
C
Las vacaciones de verano
Question 2
La noche de San Juan tiene un origen religioso, ¿qué celebra?
A
El nacimiento de San Juan Bautista
B
La última cena de Jesús con los 12 apóstoles.
C
El nacimiento de Jesús
Question 3
En Puerto Rico, es tradición tirarse de espaldas al mar para tener buena suerte. ¿Cuántas veces hay que tirarse para tenerla?
A
9 veces
B
No hay límite
C
1 vez
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Exercise of orthography

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Question 1
Elige la palabra correcta
A
Almoada
B
Almohada
C
Almoháda
Question 2
Señala el sustantivo
A
Deposito
B
Depositó
C
Depósito
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Exercise of synonyms

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De arraigar
A
Echar
B
Arrear
C
Establecer
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De ahuyentar
A
Aullar
B
Recibir
C
Espantar
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Exercise of the paragragh B.2

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Question 1
Elige la oración pasiva
A
Las autoridades declaran a San Juan patrón de la isla.
B
San Juan fue declarado patrón de la isla.
Question 2
Elige la opción pasiva
A
La hoguera fue encendida.
B
Enciende la hoguera.
Question 3
Elige la opción pasiva
A
San Juan fue venerado en Puerto Rico.
B
Puerto Rico venera a San Juan.
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