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Science

THE STRESS HELPS PROCESS BAD NEWS

Washington/ People process the bad news better under stress because it reduces the human tendency to be “too optimistic”, so their interpretations are more realistic, according to a study published in Journal of Neuroscience.

Researchers from Princeton University in New Jersey (USA) induced stress in a group of people in a laboratory experiment simulating events that raise levels of anxiety, for example having to give a public speech by surprise.

After these levels increased considerably, they asked participants to consider the possibility that they could be involved in a car accident or be victims of card fraud throughout their lives, among other situations.

Later, the scientists asked them for the hypothetical positive scenarios and requested new estimations.

Princeton University professor, Neil Garret, and his colleagues asked the same questions to another group that had not been exposed to anxious situations.

At the end of the tests, the team led by Garret compared the responses of both groups.

According to the results, those who had not been exposed to stressful situations paid more attention to good news and considered more possibilities of good things happening to them, a more distant interpretation of reality.

On the contrary, those who did undergo stressful situations did not show that “too optimistic” bias, according to the authors, and they show a better processing of bad news, that is, more in accordance with reality.

These conclusions were similar to those obtained in an analysis of the same scientific team to the fire department of the state of Colarado, workers subjected to high levels of stress. (August, 2018, EFE/PracticaEspañol)

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(Español) Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions.)

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Question 1
El texto trata sobre...
A
un análisis al cuerpo de bomberos del estado de Colorado sometidos a altos niveles de estrés.
B
un nuevo estudio que muestra que las personas procesan mejor las malas noticias bajo estrés.
C
el procesamiento de las malas noticias.
Question 2
Un sinónimo de "inducir" en el texto sería...
A
disuadir.
B
estimular.
C
persuadir.
Question 3
Según el texto, tras inducir estrés,  los niveles del mismo no aumentaron apenas.
A
Falso.
B
No se cita.
C
Verdadero.
Question 4
Según el estudio, aquellos que no fueron sometidos a situaciones de estrés...
A
eran más negativos y realistas.
B
estaban más dispuestos a que les sucediesen cosas buenas.
C
ninguna de las propuestas.
Question 5
Las conclusiones del análisis con bomberos difieren mucho de las obtenidas en el estudio explicado.
A
No se cita.
B
Falso.
C
Verdadero.
Question 6
Según el vídeo, más de la mitad de personas que sufren estrés en España...
A
ambas.
B
adquiere enfermedades físicas.
C
desarrolla problemas emocionales.
Question 7
Según el vídeo, los síntomas del estrés son...
A
todas ellas.
B
problemas para dormir.
C
cansancio y falta de concentración.
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