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Health

The study that affirms that premature mortality is reduced with the daily nap (like the Spanish one), walking and meeting with friends

Pamplona / Getting together with friends for more than an hour a day, doing a physical activity equivalent to walking at least half an hour a day or running 2 hours a week, and taking a 30-minute nap are factors that reduce the risk of premature mortality according to a University study of Navarra.

It is about “Monitoring University of Navarra” (SUN), awarded with the prize for the best valued research at the XVI World Congress of Public Health 2020.

The work analyzes ten factors of healthy life and concludes that, at the same age, fulfilling at least seven of them reduces the risk of premature mortality by 60%.

These factors are also never smoking, maintaining a Mediterranean diet, having a body mass index less than or equal to 22, watching television less than 2 hours a day and working at least 40 a week.

The rest are moderate alcohol consumption (5 grams / day maximum for women and 10 for men, which is equivalent to half a small glass of wine and one, respectively) and avoiding binge drinking, never more than 5 drinks in a row.

Researchers from the University of Navarra and the CIBER-OBN of the Carlos III Health Institute, led by Dr. Miguel A. Martínez-González, analyzed these ten factors in 22,094 volunteers.

And they conclude that such everyday and affordable acts as those included in this scale substantially reduce the risk of premature death regardless of other risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or high cholesterol, among others, says Maira Bes-Rastrollo, from the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine.

For this reason, Liz Ruiz-Estigarribia, first author of the publication, highlights that this scale of factors “can be a very practical and useful tool to promote a healthy lifestyle and reduce premature deaths in the entire population.”

In this sense, she underlines that the results of the study “reflect the importance of promoting healthy lifestyles as pillars of medical care, and promoting health.” (November 11, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Automatic translation)

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Question 1
En general el texto habla...
A
de la celebración de un congreso mundial de salud.
B
del tiempo que suele durar una siesta.
C
de unos hábitos que ayudan a reducir el riesgo de una muerte prematura.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
los médicos no recomiendan ni pasear ni tampoco dormir la siesta.
B
es poco probable que haya menos riesgo de sufrir una muerte prematura si llevas una vida saludable.
C
tanto el paseo como la siesta son beneficiosos para la salud.
Question 3
Tras leer el texto entendemos que...
A
tener contacto social con amigos también es bueno para la salud.
B
no se recomienda a las personas que hagan ejercicio.
C
el consumo excesivo de alcohol también ayuda a evitar una muerte prematura.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...
A
los expertos también recomiendan ver la televisión muchas horas.
B
una alimentación saludable también ayuda a reducir el riesgo de una muerte prematura.
C
el estilo de vida de una personas no influye en la salud de una persona.
Question 5
Leyendo el texto entendemos que...
A
una vida sedentaria no es buena para la salud.
B
llevar una vida sedentaria también reduce el riesgo de sufrir una muerte prematura.
C
los expertos también recomiendan llevar un estilo de vida sedentario.
Question 6
Según el vídeo...
A
los expertos recomiendan dormir una siesta de 20 horas.
B
el hombre entrevistado es el ganador de ese concurso.
C
quieren promocionar los beneficios de la siesta.
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