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Verbs

To talk in future with “ir +a + a verb in the infinitive”

The form “ir +a+ verb in infinitive” (“voy a … read, sing, pray, sleep) has value of future.

We say:

Voy a comer = Comeré (future).

El martes voy a estudiar = El martes estudiaré.

El tiempo va a mejorar  = El tiempo mejorará.

Realy, we use this form to express ourselves in future when we talk about a special future, either by to be near or to be planned.

We say

Cuando termine de comer, voy a lavarme los dientes ((immediately after eating, I will wash the teeth).

Cuando acabe el colegio, voy a estudiar periodismo (once I finish the college, I will initiate studies of journalism).

Decimos:

Van a cortar la luz  (in a few hours).

Van a cerrar las tiendas (today).

Va a empezar el partido (in a few minutes). 

You’ve noticed that we just conjugate the verb “ir” (go): we use the present but also but also in imperfect indicative or subjunctive  (*).  

We say:

Voy a leer.

Vamos a cantar.

Van a pintar.

And we say…

 (*)  About the actions for the future in the mind of the subject o subjects that speaking

Iba a leer.

Ibamos a cantar.

Iban a pintar.

 In addition, “Ir” +a+ verb in the infinitive” we use it also with value of warning or notice:

Vamos, a limpiar. 

Vamos, a trabajar.

Vamos, a levantarse. 

Finally, in all these use, the verb “ir” is working in the sentence like an auxiliar verb.   

Also, translated by Pía Valls/ PracticaEspañol 

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