Trump imposes sanctions on Iran's supreme leader. Read this information by EFE to know more about it.
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Trump imposes sanctions on Iran’s supreme leader

Washington / President Donald Trump signed Monday an executive order imposing financial sanctions on Iran’s supreme leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, in the wake of the Iranian downing of a US drone.

The sanctions “will deny the supreme leader and the supreme leader’s office and those closely affiliated with him and the office, access to key financial resources and support,” the president told reporters in the Oval Office before putting his signature to the document.

Today’s actions follow a series of aggressive behaviors by the Iranian regime in recent weeks, including shooting down of US drones,” Trump said, flanked by Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin and Vice President Mike Pence.

“The supreme leader of Iran is one who ultimately is responsible of the hostile conduct of the regime. He’s respected within his country. His office oversees the regime’s most brutal instruments, including the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps,” the president said of Khamanei.

Until now, US sanctions against Iran have targeted broad economic sectors and government entities, such as the Revolutionary Guard, as opposed to specific individuals.

At the same time, Trump reiterated his desire for negotiations with Iran to reduce tensions, a proposal that Khamanei has rebuffed.

“I think a lot of restraint has been shown by us and that doesn’t mean we’re going to show it in the future,” the president said. “But I felt I wanted to give this a chance, give it a good chance. Because I think Iran has potentially a phenomenal future.”

“These measures represent a strong and proportionate response to Iran’s increasingly provocative actions,” Trump said, days after vetoing a military response to the downing of the drone on the grounds that the likely casualties from strikes on Iran would be “disproportionate” relative to the Iranian attack on an unmanned aircraft.

Among the “provocative actions” by Iran, he pointed to the downing of the drone and attacks on oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz, though he denied a direct link between the drone incident and the new sanctions.

“This was something that was going to happen anyway,” Trump said.

Mnuchin, meanwhile, said that “some of this was in the works, some of this was a result of recent activities. I’m not going to identify which is which.”

Iran denies having anything to with the attacks on tankers and says that the US drone violated Iranian airspace. The Pentagon insists the unmanned aircraft was flying over international waters.

Mnuchin also signaled his intention to impose individual sanctions on Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, who represented Tehran in the negotiations that led to the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which limited Iranian nuclear activity in exchange for relief from sanctions.

Trump withdrew the US from the JCPOA in 2018 and Khamenei says he is not interested in negotiations until and unless Washington returns to the 2015 pact and ends sanctions that are harming the Iranian economy.

Iran and the rest of the signatories – Russia, China, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the European Union – officially remain committed to the JCPOA. (June 24, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla del...(Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
anuncio de unas sanciones contra el líder supremo de Irán.
B
inicio de las tensiones entre Estados Unidos e Irán.
C
derribo de un dron estadounidense en el golfo Pérsico.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
se han anunciado esas sanciones antes del derribo de un dron estadounidense.
B
Trump ha vuelto a insistir en su oferta a negociar con Irán.
C
Trump todavía no ha tratado de reducir la tensión en el golfo Pérsico.
Question 3
Sobre las tensiones en el golfo Pérsico se dice que... (About tensions in the Persian Gulf, it's said that...)
A
las autoridades iraníes han pedido a Trump negociar con él.
B
Trump afirmó su contención tiene un límite.
C
Trump aseguró que no se ha contenido ante estas.
Question 4
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
Trump no había cancelado un ataque en Irán.
B
se desmiente que haya tensión en la zona del golfo Pérsico.
C
esas restricciones también afectarán al ministro de Exteriores de Irán.
Question 5
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
Estados Unidos realizó hace un poco un ataque selectivo contra Irán.
B
esas sanciones beneficiarán a Jameneí.
C
Trump firmó esas sanciones después de tratar de negociar con Irán.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
Un 'ayatolá' es... (A 'ayatolá' is...)
A
una persona que tiene el cargo de embajador.
B
una autoridad religiosa.
C
una persona que tiene el cargo de ministro.
Question 2
'Frenar' es... ('Frenar' is...)
A
impulsar.
B
esquivar.
C
detener.
Question 3
'Insistir' significa... ('Insistir' means...)
A
persistir en algo.
B
ceder ante algo.
C
dudar sobre algo.
Question 4
En el texto, 'vaya' es una forma... (In the text, 'vaya' is a form...)
A
del presente del subjuntivo del verbo ir.
B
del presente del subjuntivo del verbo venir.
C
del imperativo del verbo ir.
Question 5
El artículo determinado para 'ataque' es: (The determined article for 'ataque' is:)
A
el
B
lo
C
la
Question 6
En el texto, 'por eso' es lo mismo que... (In the text, 'por eso' is the same thing that...)
A
por nada.
B
por ahora.
C
por este motivo.
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(Español) Grammar

Trabaja el presente del subjuntivo (Work present tense of the subjunctive)

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Question 1
Elige el presente del subjuntivo del verbo 'ir'. (Choose present tense of the subjunctive of the verb 'ir')
A
Venga.
B
Irá.
C
Vaya.
Question 2
Elige el presente del subjuntivo correcto del verbo 'buscar'. (Choose the correc present tense of the verb 'buscar')
A
Busque.
B
Busca.
C
Busce.
Question 3
Elige la opción correcta. (Choose the correct option)
A
No creo que ellos vayan a hacerlo.
B
No creo que ellos van a hacerlo.
C
No creo que ellos vayamos a hacerlo.
Question 4
Elige la opción correcta. (Choose the correct option.)
A
No es posible que tu amigo y tú busquéis eso.
B
No es posible que tu amigo y tú buscáis eso.
C
No es posible que tu amigo y tú busques eso.
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Noticias al azar

Multimedia news of Agencia EFE to improve your Spanish. News with text, video, audio and comprehension and vocabulary exercises.