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Donald Trump‘s government today established new guidelines to strengthen migratory control in the United States, with an aggressive plan that includes speeding up the process of deportation for undocumented immigrants and hiring 15,000 new agents.

“The rise of illegal immigration on the southern border has outstripped federal agencies and resources and has created a significant vulnerability in U.S. national security,” said the document with the new directions of immigration policy.

The memorandum, released today and signed by National Security Secretary John Kelly, means in practice an about-face in relation to former President Barack Obama‘s policies and opens the door to massive U.S. deportations for undocumented immigrants.

In particular, it specifies that not only will undocumented immigrants be prosecuted for violent criminal charges, but also those who have “abused” public benefits or who, “in the opinion of an immigration agent, may pose a risk to public safety and national security.”

“The Department of Homeland Security,” the memorandum adds, “will no free classes or categories” of undocumented aliens from “potential law enforcement.”

Fulfillment of the migratory laws

In his daily press conference, presidential spokesman, Sean Spicer, said today that the goal “is to give more authority to the federal agency to enforce immigration laws” and recalled that “anyone who is here illegally can be deported in any moment”.

Obama had prioritized the deportation of undocumented immigrants with a criminal records and criminal history, leaving aside undocumented immigrants with minor violations of the law, such as driving without a license or having a broken car light.

However, Trump’s Government recognizes the lack of resources, for which it orders the hiring of 15,000 new agents in charge of migratory control and gives greater powers for state and local agents to collaborate in these tasks.

From the Democratic opposition and immigrant advocacy groups, criticism of the new immigration guidelines did not wait.

Democratic Senator Catherine Cortez Masto, the first Latin woman in the upper house, attacked on her Twitter account the “massive deportations as morally reprehensible and anti-American.”

Democratic Senator Dick Durbin also urged “a public examination in Congress of these harsh treatment and anti-family policies.”

“These memorandums confirm that the Trump’s Government is willing to violate due process, human decency, and the well-being of our communities… in pursuit of a policy of mass deportation,” said the director of immigration of the U.S. Civil Liberties (ACLU), Omar Jadwat.


However, undocumented youth (“dreamers”) arrived in the United States as minors are left out of this categorical expansion of the authority of the security forces.

The Department of Homeland Security document states that these undocumented youths will not be affected by the federal agency’s new orders, which is a back down of Trump’s promises during his campaign in which he promised to repeal the program of Deferred Action (DACA), promoted by Obama in 2012.

This program allowed young people to stop their deportation, obtain a work permit and a driver’s license, but stated that in order to continue to enjoy these benefits, young people should renew the permit every two years.

Construction of the wall

Finally, the Trump’s Government emphasized three priority sites to begin construction of the wall with Mexico: El Paso (Texas), Tucson (Arizona) and El Centro (California).

The document orders “to immediately identify and allocate all available resources to plan, design, build and maintain a wall, including lighting, technology (including sensors),” and “prepare congressional budget requests for this fiscal year and for the following years”.

Trump had promised that Mexico would be responsible for the bill, but in recent weeks has say that United States will be assume the cost first and then be reimbursed, something that Mexico has flatly refused.

The latest estimates of the cost of the wall are in excess of $ 21.6 billion.

February 22, 2017, EFE/Practica Español

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Comprensión del texto B.2 (Comprehension B.2)

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Question 1
¿De qué trata el texto?
Trump continúa la hoja de ruta de Obama en política migratoria.
Las políticas migratorias del actual presidente de Estados Unidos.
Trump se plantea si debe continuar con la actual política migratoria.
Question 2
Según el texto, uno de los objetivos de Trump es...
Expulsar del país a todos los inmigrantes.
Incrementar los controles de la inmigración.
Reducir los controles migratorios.
Question 3
Según ese documento, el aumento de la inmigración ilegal...
No supone un peligro para la seguridad nacional.
Beneficiará al país en breve.
Podría poner en peligro la seguridad del país.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que...
Trump está siguiendo a rajatabla las políticas del último presidente saliente de Estados Unidos.
Hay una oposición a las políticas migratorias del actual presidente de EE.UU.
Algunos senadores del partido demócrata alaban las políticas migratorias de Trump.
Question 5
Según Trump, México no tendrá que pagar jamás la construcción del muro.
No se sabe.
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