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Culture

Twenty data on Nôtre Dame when a fire year of April 15, 2019 is about to be completed

One year after the fire that on April 15, 2019 razed the roof and spire of the Notre Dame de Paris cathedral (or Our Lady of Paris), one of the oldest Gothic cathedrals in the world, consecrated to the Virgin Mary , which also contains elements of the Romanesque and these are some of the data you should know:

1.- Dedicated to the Catholic cult and headquarters of the archbishopric of Paris, it was ordered to be built in the twelfth century by Bishop Maurice de Sully, whose project was supported by the king, the Church and the Parisians.

2.- Its construction, on a Roman temple and a Christian basilica, lasted almost two centuries, from 1163, the year in which Pope Alexander III laid the first stone, until 1354.

3.- Subsequently, it was reformed in the twelfth century, giving entry to elements of the baroque and rebuilt in the mid-nineteenth century, at the orders of the French architect and archaeologist, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc.

4.- Consecrated to the Virgin Mary, present in sculptures, paintings and stained glass, it is located on the Island of the City (Île de la Cité), the largest of the islands in the middle of the Seine River and is one of the emblematic monuments and most visited in France and the world.

5.- With a Latin cross plan, its monumentality and symbolism stand out as its main characteristics.

6.- Inside it has five naves with double ambulatory, the center is the largest, and chapels attached to its lateral naves. Its main facade, with three porches and a rich decoration, is the most monumental.

7.- The building reaches 35 meters high inside and the surface occupies a space of 5,500 square meters.

8.- They also emphasize inside, the choir stalls, from the 18th century, substitute for the original Gothic seats, and the multiple stained glass windows, which decorate hollows of windows and rosettes and that have reached our days thanks to the fact that they were removed and hidden during World War II.

9.- Also highlights the main organ, one of the most famous in the world. It has 113 records and 7,800 tubes, some of them from the Middle Ages.

10.- Nôtre Dame, which has inspired the other Gothic cathedrals in Europe, has survived numerous historical events, such as the French Revolution, when it was even used as a food store; the fire of 1871 during the Paris Commune, or the two World Wars.

11.- His bells rang to announce the release of Paris on August 25, 1944.

12.- Inside the coronation of Henry IV took place in 1429, during the Hundred Years War; the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte on December 2, 1804 or the beatification of Joan of Arc in 1909.

13.- The funeral ceremonies of all the heads of State of France, the last one of François Miterrand in 1996, and more recently the funeral for the victims of the attacks of Bataclan in 2015 have been held within its walls.

14.- And also between its walls, but in the highest areas, lived the hunchback Quasimodo, main protagonist of Victor Hugo’s novel “Our Lady of Paris”.

15.- The fire that was declared on April 15, 2019 razed its cover and needle and affected the vault, and in its extinction more than 600 firefighters worked for more than four hours, while television broadcast to all corners of the world the catastrophe.

16.- Notre Dame lost all its cover, the mythical “forest” of wood, for whose construction it had been necessary to cut down a whole grove of more than one thousand oaks; The iconic needle fell, inserted in the mid-19th century into the Gothic framework by the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, covered with lead.

17.- There is no definitive date for the “reopening” of the temple, but General Georgelin summoned the faithful on November 13 for five years: “I give you an appointment for a Te Deum in the cathedral on April 17, 2024 “.

18.- However, the stabilization of the building has slowed down the works of this World Heritage temple, although it has already inspired a miniseries in the style of “Chernobyl”.

19.- For the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Paris, 234,000 donations have been received from 154 countries and large patrons of the world have pledged to collaborate with the reconstruction.

20.- For the first time in 213 years, in 2019, and due to the fire and the works, the traditional Christmas mass of December 25 could not be celebrated in Notre Dame. (February 25, 2020, EFE / PracticaEspañol)

(Automatic translation)

News related in video (October 2019):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
El texto habla... (The text talks about...)    
A
solo del incendio que se produjo en la catedral de Notre Dame.
B
de algunos datos relacionados con la catedral de Notre Dame.
C
de las catedrales góticas más conocidas de Europa.
Question 2
Sobre Notre Dame se dice que... (About Notre Dame, it's said that...)  
A
comenzó a construirse en el siglo XIII.
B
su construcción duró casi doscientos años.
C
hubo un importante incendio cuando se terminó de construir.
Question 3
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)  
A
hace veinte años se reformó por primera vez la catedral de Notre Dame.
B
Notre Dame no se encuentra en la capital de Francia.
C
Notre Dame aparece en una famosa novela de Víctor Hugo.
Question 4
Sobre el incendio de 2019 se dice que... (About the fire in 2019, it's said that...)  
A
no afectó a la cubierta de la catedral.
B
causó graves daños en la cubierta y en la bóveda de la catedral.
C
destruyó por completo la catedral.
Question 5
Según el texto... (According to the text...)      
A
Quasimodo fue quien ordenó la construcción de Notre Dame en el siglo XII.
B
se celebró la coronación de importantes personajes históricos en Notre Dame.
C
la catedral de Notre Dame se va a reinaugurar este mes.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)    
A
en ningún momento se han parado las obras de reconstrucción.
B
no se han echado atrás los grandes mecenas en las obras de reconstrucción de Notre Dame.
C
más de ochocientos obreros están trabajando al mismo tiempo en Notre Dame.
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There are 6 questions to complete.

Vocabulary

Congratulations - you have completed .

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Question 1
Un "siglo" es lo mismo que... (A "siglo" is the same thing that...)    
A
50 años.
B
100 años.
C
1.000 años.
Question 2
La escritura correcta de "1.163" es... (The correct writing of "1.163" is...)
A
"mil ciento sesenta y tres".
B
"mil ciento y sesenta y tres".
C
"mil y ciento sesenta tres".
Question 3
La escritura correcta de "5.500" es... (The correct writing of "5.500" is...)
A
"cinco mil y quinientos".
B
"cinco mil quinientos".
C
"cinco y mil quinientos".
Question 4
La fecha "1944" se lee... (The date "1944" is read...)
A
"mil y novecientos cuarenta y cuatro".
B
"diecinueve cuarenta y cuatro".
C
"mil novecientos cuarenta y cuatro".
Question 5
"Siglo XVIII" se lee... ("Siglo XVIII" is read...)
A
"siglo diecisiete".
B
"siglo diecinueve".
C
"siglo dieciocho".
Question 6
"Ralentizar" es... ("Ralentizar" is...)
A
hacer que algo vaya más despacio.
B
ir muy rápido.
C
darse prisa.
Question 7
El artículo determinado para 'catástrofe' es: (The definite article for 'catástrofe' is:)
A
lo
B
la
C
el
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There are 7 questions to complete.

Noticias al azar

Multimedia news of Agencia EFE to improve your Spanish. News with text, video, audio and comprehension and vocabulary exercises.