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Culture

Washington celebrates the five hundred years of the first trip that connected the world

Washington / Historians and diplomats highlighted the commemoration of the 500th anniversary of the first world tour, a feat that started from Spain under the command of the Portuguese Ferninand de Magellan and the Spanish Juan Sebastian Elcano and that it started the globalization.

 

 
During a ceremony in the US capital, which was attended by the ambassador of Spain in the US, Santiago Cabanas and the Secretary General of Defence, Admiral Juan Francisco Martínez Núñez, he recalled the importance of a historic event which connected the whole world giving rise to a cultural and commercial relationship that lasts in our days.

On September 20, 1519, five ships departed from southern Spain with the goal of reaching America and returning to the other side of the planet by sailing in the Pacific Ocean, a risky journey which had never before been made.

After several attempts, Magellan found support in the Emperor Charles I, who just arrived at the throne of the Crown of Castile financed the expedition.

Due to the difficulty of the trip, only one of the five boats returned to Spain, as illustrated by a commemorative video of the V Centenary of the expedition released for the occasion and created with the aim of spreading this historical fact.

“It was not an expedition of conquest. The Spanish Crown had given instructions so that the rights of the peoples they found and international laws were respected, and so that trade exchanges could take place and not plunder“, Martínez Núñez said in his lecture.

Consequences of that trip

During a round table moderated and introduced by Octavio Hinojosa, member of the Council of The Hispanic Council, an organization that promotes relations between Spain and the US Hispanic community, several historians and specialists analyzed the effects of this circumnavigation.

“The trip had consequences which continue to this day,” Richard L Kagan, a Hispanist and professor at Johns Hopkins University, told EFE.

Among the heritage highlighted by Kagan is the Spanish language, the first language to go around the world, the expansion of Hispanic culture in the Americas and its current diversity, together with the commercial exchange of products and raw materials.

Closer ties among Europe, America and Asia

In addition, as Dr. Larrie Ferreiro, professor and professor at George Mason University, pointed out, this trip not only strengthened ties between the European continent and the American continent, but also established ties with Asia.

“In the seventeenth century, trade was already global thanks to Spanish shipping,” said Ferreiro.

For his part, Erin Rowe, Ph.D. and director of graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University, mentioned the Hispanic heritage in places in Asia such as the Philippines and even Japan.

The day was organized by the National Commission of the V Centenary of the Magallanes-Elcano expedition through the Spanish Ministries of Defense and Culture and Sports, and in collaboration with The Hispanic Council and the Association of Hispanic Leaders in the USA. (May 2, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (2012):


(Español) Comprehension

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Question 1
Principalmente, en el texto se habla de... (Mainly in the text, it's talked about...)
A
una conferencia sobre Fernando Magallanes y Juan Sebastián Elcano en la capital de EE.UU.
B
todas las embarcaciones que fueron utilizadas en la primera vuelta al mundo.
C
la financiación que recibieron Fernando Magallanes y Juan Sebastián Elcano para su expedición.
Question 2
Según el texto, esa conferencia está relacionada con... (According to the text, that lecture is related to...)
A
la celebración del quinto centenario de la primera vuelta al mundo.
B
el descubrimiento de un documento sobre una expedición liderada por Elcano.
C
la conmemoración del quinto centenario del nacimiento de Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Question 3
Según el texto, esa expedición fue liderada por Juan Sebastián Elcano y Fernando de Magallanes... (According to the text, that expedition was led by Juan Sebastián Elcano and Ferninand Magellan...)
A
en la primera década del siglo diecisiete.
B
en la primera década del siglo quince.
C
en la primera década del siglo dieciséis.
Question 4
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
ningún experto analizó los efectos que tuvo esta circunnavegación.
B
la Corona Hispánica quiso que se respetaran los derechos de los pueblos durante esa expedición.
C
es poco probable que Carlos I financiara esa expedición.
Question 5
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
ese viaje evitó que la cultura hispana se expandiera en el continente americano.
B
ese viaje no logró que se estrecharan lazos con el continente asiático.
C
solo una de las embarcaciones lograron regresar a España.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
la Nao Victoria había sido capitaneada por Juan Sebastián Elcano.
B
la Nao Victoria salió de Sevilla y concluyó su viaje en Melilla.
C
no se ha dado la vuelta al mundo con esta nao.
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