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Culture

WHO WAS THE “MOTHER-IN-LAW OF EUROPE”?

Vienna celebrates 13 May the birth 300 years ago of Empress Maria Theresa of Hasburg, mother of 16 children who made a bankrupt empire one of the most powerful in Europe in the seventeenth century and does so with different exhibitions that remind her legacy.

 


Maria Theresa of Habsburg (1717-1780) was Queen of Hungary, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Milan and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire Germanic, among many other nobiliary titles.

Although the emblem of Austria is Isabel of Bavaria, better known as “Sisi”, for being a model to follow in “beauty, sport and fashion,” Maria Teresa was more “authentic” and had a special talent for politics, one of the curators of the exhibition “300 years of Maria Teresa: strategist, mother, reformer” said EFE .

Perhaps, she was not as beautiful or well-known as “Sisi,” but for many Austrians she is still a strong, tenacious, and characterful woman who made a bankrupt Empire one of the most powerful in Europe in the seventeenth century, added Elfriede Iby.

So much so that King Frederick II of Prussia wrote on one occasion: “For the first time the Habsburgs have a man (in power) and turn out to be a woman.”

When Maria Teresa came to power in 1740, after the death of her father Charles VI, a series of reforms began that changed the empire forever: compulsory schooling, the reduction of the Church’s power to keep her from the crown and to return her to the Society, despite being a devout Catholic; as well as health reform.

The empress was known in the continent as the “mother-in-law of Europe”, for marrying her children with the most important European dynasties, undoubtedly the most famous of her daughter Marie-Antoinette with Louis XVI of France, although both they ended up in the guillotine.

This empress represents for many Austrians what for the British it is the Queen Victoria or Isabel the Catholic for the Spaniards and so it remembers the streets of Vienna.


May 10, 2017, EFE/Practica Español


Grammar notes: articles, simple tenses in the indicative mood


Comprensión B.1 (Comprehensiom B.1)

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
La noticia habla de...
A
la esposa de un emperador.
B
la vida de una emperatriz francesa.
C
una reina germana.
Question 2
Según la noticia...
A
este año Austria no va a celebrar el aniversario de una conocida emperatriz.
B
este año se cumplen 300 años de la muerte de María Teresa de Hasburgo.
C
se van a realizar actos conmemorativos con motivo de un aniversario.
Question 3
Según el texto, esta emperatriz...
A
consideraba aburrida la vida política.
B
tenía dotes para política.
C
no sabía nada de política.
Question 4
Según el texto, María Teresa realizó reformas...
A
muy importantes para el imperio.
B
para dar más privilegios a las clases dominantes.
C
que tuvieron poco éxito.
Question 5
La llamaban 'la suegra de Europa' porque...
A
porque estaba muy preocupada por los problemas de su tiempo.
B
sus hijos se casaron con miembros de las principales dinastías.
C
fue la emperatriz más longeva.
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