Spain's repeat general election resulted in a complicated and blockaded scenario. Read this information to know more about it.
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Who’s who in Spain’s political labyrinth

Madrid / Spain’s repeat general election resulted in a complicated and blockaded scenario similar to the inconclusive vote on 28 April.

The chamber now features 19 political parties with some key figures.

Pedro Sánchez, a bitter victory

The leader of the Socialist Party (PSOE) and acting prime minister secured the most votes once again but dropped 800,000 and three lawmakers compared to his showing in April. His political gamble failed and he is facing similar hurdles in a bid to form a government.

On the left, there is no absolute majority without the backing of Catalan separatists and on the right, he would have to count on the conservative Popular Party abstaining.

Santiago Abascal, the surprise

The real winner of the night was the leader of the far-right Vox party. Almost a million more votes than in April, translating to 15 percent of the national vote and 52 seats in Congress, double the number it before, making it the third-strongest force in the lower house of Parliament.

Albert Rivera, in free fall

From 4.1 million votes to 1.6 million; from 57 lawmakers to 10; from the country’s third political force to the sixth. The center-right Ciudadanos (“Citizens,” Cs) has disappeared from most regions across the country. Rivera assumed responsibility for the dismal performance and has slated an extraordinary conference to decide what to do next.

Pablo Casado, the revival

The PP recovered 600,000 votes and 22 seats but its outlook still looks tricky. The threat posed by Cs has subsided but Vox has filled that role. The gap between the PSOE and the PP is similar to that between the PP and Vox.

Now the focus will be firmly on what kind of role Casado can offer in the future governance of Spain.

Pablo Iglesias, the Quijote of the left

A new setback for the left-wing Unidas Podemos (“United We Can”), weighed down by its failure to agree on a coalition with the PSOE after the April election and the emergence of a splinter party, Más País.

Not counting its regional alliances, Iglesias’ party dropped more than 500,000 votes, although it is still likely to play a crucial rule if Sánchez tries to form a left-wing government.

Gabrial Rufián, the voice of separatism in Madrid 

The head of the pro-independence Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) in the national Parliament, which won 13 seats — dropping two to the leftist, pro-separatist CUP — will also play an important role if PSOE pushes for a progressive government.

Last month, the ERC’s leader Oriol Junqueras was sentenced to up to 13 years in prison on sedition charges for his role in the banned independence referendum in 2017. Eight others were also given prison sentences. (November 11, 2019, EFE/Practica Español)

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Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde a las preguntas (Read the news and answer the questions)

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Question 1
Principalmente, el texto habla... (Mainly, the text talks about...)
A
del número de veces que se han celebrado elecciones anticipadas en España.
B
de forma detallada de los resultados de las elecciones generales celebradas en el mes de abril.
C
de los resultados de las últimas elecciones generales celebradas en España.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
el partido socialista ha mejorado notablemente su resultado en estos comicios.
B
el partido socialista ha obtenido tres escaños menos en estos comicios.
C
el partido socialista podrá gobernar sin tener que pactar con ningún partido político.
Question 3
Según el texto... (According to the text...)
A
por fin se logra acabar con el 'bloqueo político' para formar un gobierno en España.
B
se descarta que vaya ser complicada la formación de un gobierno.
C
el periodo de negociaciones para formar gobierno no va a ser fácil.
Question 4
Sobre el partido Vox se dice que... (About the party Vox, it's said in the text that...)
A
ha obtenido 28 diputados más respecto a las elecciones anteriores.
B
ha obtenido el mismo número de diputados que el PP.
C
apenas ha logrado obtener representación parlamentaria en estos comicios.
Question 5
En el texto se dice que... (It's said in the text that...)
A
la participación ha sido mucho más alta en estos comicios.
B
solo una decena de partidos políticos han logrado obtener representación en el Congreso.
C
el PP ha obtenido un mejor resultado que en el pasado mes de abril.
Question 6
En el vídeo se dice que... (It's said in the video that...)
A
el PSOE logra una contundente victoria en las elecciones del 10 de noviembre.
B
Ciudadanos obtiene un resultado muy malo en estos comicios.
C
el partido de Unidas Podemos mejora un poco.
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Vocabulary

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Question 1
En el texto, 'endiablado' se refiere... (In the text, 'endiablado' refers to...)
A
a algo malo.
B
a algo que más fácil de lo que se piensa.
C
a algo que es muy sencillo.
Question 2
Si hay 'incertidumbre'... (If there is 'incertidumbre'...)
A
todo está claro.
B
no hay ninguna duda.
C
hay dudas.
Question 3
Si hay 'falta de acuerdos'... (If there is 'falta de acuerdos'...)  
A
hay acuerdos.
B
hay pactos.
C
no hay acuerdos.
Question 4
Un sinónimo de 'comicios' es... (A synonym for 'comicios' is...)  
A
'electorado'.
B
'elecciones'.
C
'electores'.
Question 5
El artículo determinado para 'negociación' es: (The definite article for 'negociación' is:)
A
el
B
lo
C
la
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