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Health

WHY DO THERAPIES AGAINST TOBACCO WORK BETTER IN MEN THAN IN WOMEN?

Madrid / Women have less physical dependence on nicotine than men but fail more when trying to quit smoking with supportive therapies, according to the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR).

 

Specifically, 63.4% of men manage to quit smoking thanks to tobacco substitution therapies compared to 59.4% of women, data that are extracted from a series of 6,354 people who attended the Specialized Unit in Smoking of the Community of Madrid, which cites SEPAR in a statement.

The degree of tobacco dependence of patients has been evaluated with the Fagerström test, a test to measure the level of addiction of smokers, who have found that women have a lower degree of dependence on nicotine.

The study also indicates that the motivation to smoke is different in men than in women: they smoke more for a positive reward (52.29%) than for a negative one (51.56%), while men do more for a negative (48.44) than a positive (47.71%).

As explained by the president-elect of the SEPAR, Carlos A. Jiménez Ruiz, the study also emphasizes that smokers are more likely to quit smoking and at younger ages.

SEPAR recalls some data on the prevalence of tobacco in Spain, which reaches 34.2% in men and 27.3% in women and in most of the age groups smoke more than they do, except in the one of the youngest.

In fact, from 14 to 18 years, girls smoke more than boys, with a prevalence of 9.1% compared to 8.7% and when they reach the age of majority, 20.2% of women smoke and 18.1% of men.

The age of onset is similar: 14.6 years among boys and 14.5 among girls. (May 31, 2018, EFE/Practica Español)

News related in video (May, 2017):


Comprehension

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read and answer the questions). You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
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Question 1
La noticia habla...    
A
de un estudio sobre el número de personas fumadoras que hay en el mundo.
B
de un estudio sobre las personas que dejan de fumar.
C
de unos consejos para dejar de fumar.
Question 2
En la noticia se dice que...      
A
hombres y mujeres fuman por los mismos motivos.
B
las mujeres no fuman por los mismos motivos que los hombres.
C
los hombres fuman solo cuando se sienten bien.
Question 3
Según SEPAR,  las terapias de apoyo para dejar de fumar...  
A
apenas funcionan para que los hombres dejen de fumar.
B
no funcionan igual en hombres que en mujeres.
C
funcionan mejor en las mujeres que en los hombres.
Question 4
En general, hay más hombres fumadores que mujeres fumadoras.  
A
Es mentira.
B
Es verdad.
C
No se sabe.
Question 5
En el vídeo se habla...  
A
del consumo del tabaco en Honduras.
B
del consumo del tabaco en todo el mundo.
C
del consumo del tabaco en varios países americanos.
Question 6
Según el vídeo...  
A
se ha reducido el consumo de tabaco en mujeres.
B
ha aumentado el consumo de tabaco en mujeres.
C
se mantienen las cifras del número de mujeres fumadoras.
Question 7
En el vídeo se dice que...  
A
se está preparando una campaña para intentar reducir el consumo de tabaco.
B
hubo una campaña para informar sobre las consecuencias del consumo de tabaco.
C
se está preparando una campaña para intentar reducir el consumo de tabaco.
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