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WHY U.S. LEFT AGREEMENT TO COMBAT THE WARMING OF THE PLANET?

Exxon Mobil, Chevron, BP, Peabody Coal, eBay, HP, General Mills, Kellogg, Tesla, BlackRock, Google and the rest of the main U.S. multinationals tried until the last minute that United States remained within the Paris Agreement that in 2015 195 countries signed to combat climate change and global warming.

However, U.S. President, Donald Trump, announced to the world that he had just gotten off his country from the train that wants to take the planet to a model of development of low-carbon and emission-free so that Earth’s temperature does not rise further of two degrees.

Thirty-seven states and more than 400 U.S. cities have their own regulation to promote renewable energy and emission reduction targets, so the short-term impact of Trump’s decision, according to some experts, will not be noticeable in terms of mitigation. Yes in the climate financing that the United States provides to developing countries.

This is not the first time the US has abandoned a global environmental agreement.

It also left the Kyoto Protocol. Why is it now withdrawing from the Paris Agreement? Here are the main reasons, given by the president of the American nation:

First: the Paris Agreement harms the United States and is not fair to the American people and their workers.

Second: the Trump’s administration wants to renegotiate the Paris Agreement and establish a new framework where “burdens and responsibilities are shared equally” among all nations of the world.

For some experts consulted by EFE, the Trump’s administration would have started the opposite path to what it says it wants to undertake: work to “ensure that the United States continues to be the world leader in environmental issues.”

These analysts agreed that there is not a single reason, from a economic point of view, to justify Trump’s decision, especially when the agreement is voluntary compliance and its emission reduction commitments are not starting to be accounted for until 2020.

The decision of the United States president, according to these analysts, will isolate this country and cause it to lose international influence, leadership and economic opportunities.

For other experts, the true backdrop should be sought in the interests that converge in two energy models: renewable energy or clean energy and the fossil fuel industry and coal.

“It is a decision against the general interest that only contends the most retrograde sector of the fossil fuel industry, mainly coal, which has traditionally been behind the funding of the Republican party,” said the director of the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Teresa Ribera.

The major powers and emitters of CO2 – China, India, the EU, Canada, Australia or Japan – have been quick to reaffirm their commitment to the Paris Agreement; and the EU and China have announced that they are ready to pick up the leadership that yields the United States.

And nobody fears a “stampede” of the Paris Agreement.

June 2, 2017, EFE/Practica Español


Grammar notes: tenses of the subjunctive mood,  ‘para’ + infinitive and ‘para’ + subjunctive


News related (June 1, 2017)


Ejercicio de comprensión B.2 (Comprehension B.2)

Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions)

Congratulations - you have completed Lee la noticia y responde las preguntas. (Read the news and answer the questions).

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Question 1
La noticia trata...
A
de los motivos por los que EE.UU. abandona un acuerdo.
B
de los motivos de EE.UU. para reafirmarse en el acuerdo de París.
C
de un inminente anuncio del presidente Trump relacionado con el Acuerdo de París.
Question 2
En el texto se dice que...
A
muchas grandes empresas estadounidenses querían que EE.UU. permaneciera en ese acuerdo.
B
ninguna empresa multinacional considera relevante la permanencia de EE.UU. en ese acuerdo.
C
todas las grandes empresas estadounidenses apoyan la decisión de Trump.
Question 3
El Acuerdo de París tiene como objetivo...
A
reducir el uso de las llamadas energías renovables en el planeta.
B
luchar contra el cambio climático del planeta.
C
promover el uso de energías no renovables.
Question 4
Según el texto, unos analistas...
A
opinan que esta decisión afianza el liderazgo mundial de EE.UU.
B
creen que esta decisión perjudicará a EE.UU.
C
creen que esa decisión no afectará negativamente a EE.UU.
Question 5
Según el texto, otros países podrían tomar el testigo de EE.UU. en temas ambientales.
A
Verdadero.
B
Falso.
C
No se sabe.
Question 6
En el texto se dice que...
A
el actual presidente de EE.UU. piensa que ese acuerdo perjudica a su país y a sus compatriotas.
B
el presidente saliente de EE.UU. tiene dudas de que ese acuerdo sea justo para su país.
C
el presidente de EE.UU. no tiene ninguna duda de que ese acuerdo beneficia a todos.
Question 7
Trump es el primer presidente de EE.UU. que abandona un acuerdo relacionado con el medioambiente.
A
No se sabe.
B
Verdadero.
C
Falso.
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